JANUARY 2017

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- Suresh Jaura
Publisher and Managing Editor

MORE SMOKE & MIRRORS

0712 flag pakistanSectarian violence in Karachi is just another chapter in Pakistan’s long history of violence against minorities, has afflicted Pakistan virtually from its moment of birth...

TRUMP'S FOREIGN POLICY

U.S. allies in Europe, Asia and the Middle East, smiling through their teeth, are feverishly hoping that Washington will maintain its security commitments. The Russians are ... . . ..   

AFGHANISTAN-PAKISTAN-USA

A US revaluation of its Af-Pak policy appears likely under Trump... It is, however, unlikely that US AfPak policy under Trump will be ‘more of the same’. Crucially, Pakistan’s role in supporting terrorism in Afghanistan . . .

NUCLEAR WWWIII

Escalation of hostility may become a thermonuclear WWIII.

ARM & TRAIN

Non-Muslims in violent conflict areas to enhance the security...

HYDRO BOOM & CONFLICTS

With approval of power plants, conflicts have arisen ...

SUICIDE TERRORISM

Growing support for suicide terrorism

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A Vision for Prosperity in South Asia

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Remarks by Nisha Desai Biswal *

I’d like to share some thoughts on how we view engagement in South Asia in particular. This is clearly a time of great dynamism across South Asia, with elections and transitions that have been unfolding over the past year and concluding over the next few months.

And while the transition in Afghanistan is the cause of much angst and anxiety, we are focused on the opportunities and imperative it creates for connecting the economies of South Asia and Central Asia.

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South Asia: Controlled Contagion

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By Ajai Sahni
Editor, SAIR; Executive Director, ICM & SATP

The extraordinary and gratuitous brutality of Islamist terrorists in Syria, the progressive destabilization of West Asia, as well as the cumulative disengagement of the West - led by USA - from Afghanistan, have pushed South Asian conflicts out of the focus of international attention. The process has been enormously enabled by broadly, often dramatically, declining trends in violence and fatalities in this region, suggesting a generally positive direction of change. In many theatres, virulent and enduring movements of terrorism and widespread armed violence have receded, though much remains unresolved.

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South Asia’s $2.5 Trillion Infrastructure Gap

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By Graham Crouch

According to the new report, Reducing Poverty by Closing South Asia's Infrastructure Gap, South Asian countries will have to invest as much as $2.5 trillion on transport, electricity, water supply and sanitation, solid waste management, telecommunications, and irrigation to bridge its infrastructure gap.

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India - Pakistan: A Road To Peace

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By Dr. Arshad M. Khan *

The next Independence Day will celebrate 67 years of self-rule. Yet India and Pakistan are unable to resolve differences; instead extremism is on the rise in both countries. What a shame because the cultural roots are identical, and the peoples lived in relative harmony for a millennia until proactive colonial policies sundered the fabric of a multi-religious, multi-ethnic society. But there are are ways to leave differences behind, and one can learn from the experience of others -- no less than their own colonial power ...

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India - Pakistan: Kashmir and the Bomb

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By Ali Ahmed *          

Mr. Modi has put a temporary halt to a promising discussion prompted by his party's manifesto reference to a revision of nuclear doctrine by decreeing that India will abide by NFU. Even so, it was altogether a good thing that the nuclear issues found mention in the media. However, the nuclear issue will at best end up a footnote to any recounting of the campaign. The good part is that the nuclear issue was not dragged into the mud as have been the other weighty issues that have figured in the elections campaign.

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India - Pakistan: Nuclear Normalcy

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By Michael Krepon *

Nuclear weapons raise many questions and provide few answers. Can Pakistan become a normal state possessing nuclear weapons? How can this aspirational goal be translated into reality? And what is the best way to codify ‘nuclear normal’?

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Political Transition in Afghanistan

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The dynamics of Afghan politics are such that a run-off for president may go more in favour of Gani than Abdullah

By Ajmal Shams *

On April 5, Afghanistan was witness to historic presidential elections with around 60 per cent turnout, much higher than expected, in spite of constant security threats from the insurgents. A high level of enthusiasm among Afghan voters reflects the desire for change and hope for a better future. There is still a long way to go before the next president takes office.

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Bangladesh: Strategic Skirmish

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By Sanchita Bhattacharya
Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management
and

S. Binodkumar Singh
Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management

Amidst continuing street mobilization, violence and a strident debate over the ‘legitimacy’ of the January 5, 2014, Parliamentary elections in Bangladesh, another battle of the ballots is currently playing out, commencing on February 19, 2014, and going beyond May 19, 2014, at the local sub-District level.

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BANGLADESH: News Briefs

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'Bangladesh rejects terrorism, asserts Foreign Minister A.H. Mahmood Ali: Foreign Minister A.H. Mahmood Ali on April 21 said Bangladesh have time and again rejected terrorism, extremism, violence and intolerance as a nation. The spirit of the vibrant, progressive, tolerant and peace-loving people has remained Bangladesh's "biggest asset" to fight against terrorism, extremism and non-state actors, he said.' DailyStar, April 23, 2014.

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NEPAL: News Briefs

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Parliament passes TRC and CED bills with amendment: The Parliament on April 25 has passed the bills on the formation of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and the Commission on Enforced Disappearances (CED) with amendment. The term 'disappearance' has been replaced with the term 'enforced disappearance' following the amendment. Nepal News, April 26, 2014.

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Pakistan: Police Insecure in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

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By Tushar Ranjan Mohanty
Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management

Five Policemen and a civilian were killed in an attack at the Zangli Checkpost on the Kohat-Peshawar road in the Badhaber area of Peshawar, the provincial capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), on April 21, 2014. KP Inspector General of Police (IGP) Nasir Khan Durrani asserted, on April 22, that the Badhaber attack was a repercussion of the Police’s search operation against terrorists on the outskirts of Peshawar. Police arrested several injured people from Peshawar hospitals in connection with the attack. Sources in the local Police claimed that all the suspects had bullets injuries and belonged to the Khyber Agency of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA).

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