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- Suresh Jaura
Publisher and Managing Editor

MORE SMOKE & MIRRORS

0712 flag pakistanSectarian violence in Karachi is just another chapter in Pakistan’s long history of violence against minorities, has afflicted Pakistan virtually from its moment of birth...

TRUMP'S FOREIGN POLICY

U.S. allies in Europe, Asia and the Middle East, smiling through their teeth, are feverishly hoping that Washington will maintain its security commitments. The Russians are ... . . ..   

AFGHANISTAN-PAKISTAN-USA

A US revaluation of its Af-Pak policy appears likely under Trump... It is, however, unlikely that US AfPak policy under Trump will be ‘more of the same’. Crucially, Pakistan’s role in supporting terrorism in Afghanistan . . .

NUCLEAR WWWIII

Escalation of hostility may become a thermonuclear WWIII.

ARM & TRAIN

Non-Muslims in violent conflict areas to enhance the security...

HYDRO BOOM & CONFLICTS

With approval of power plants, conflicts have arisen ...

SUICIDE TERRORISM

Growing support for suicide terrorism

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Decisive Moment in Sri Lanka

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By Ajit Kumar Singh
Research Fellow, Institute for Conflict Management

Following a historic agreement on August 20, 2015, between the United National Party (UNP) and the Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP) to sign a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), the incumbent Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe on August 21, 2015, took oath as the 26th Prime Minister (PM) of the island nation. Wickremesinghe was sworn in as the PM for the fourth time [having served earlier tenures between May 17, 1993, and August 19, 1994; December 9, 2001, and April 2, 2004; and January 9, 2015, and August 20, 2015]

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Sri Lanka Parliamentary Polls 2015

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What Does It Mean To Us?

By Nilantha Ilangamuwa *

An argumentative, free thinking and free speaking political culture, buried for decades is once again sprouting with good hopes and dreams in Sri Lanka. Such trends will construct space for healthy social discourse which can, hopefully, re-engineer the nation.

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SRI LANKA: News Briefs

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Tamils firm on demand for international inquiry, says TNA leader C V K Sivagnanam: Senior leader of the Tamil National Alliance (TNA) and Chairman of the Northern Provincial Council (NPC), C V K Sivagnanam said that the Tamils will keep pressing for an international probe into charges of war crimes against the Sri Lankan Government even though the United States (US) Assistant Secretary of State for South Asia, Nisha Biswal, has made it clear that the US will only seek an independent and credible Lankan domestic probe. He said, "Just as the Sri Lankan Government has an agenda which it will press, we Tamils also have an agenda, which we will press. New Indian Express, August 29, 2015

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Debating the Morality of Hiroshima

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By George Friedman
Founder of Stratfor

Each year at this time — the anniversary of the bombing of Hiroshima — the world pauses. The pause is less to mourn the dead than to debate a moral question: whether the bombing was justified and, by extension, whether the United States unnecessarily slaughtered tens of thousands of people on Aug. 6, 1945. The debate rarely focuses on a careful analysis of war and morality and is more frequently framed by existing views of the United States. The debate is rarely about Hiroshima or about World War II. It is a debate about the moral character of the United States. This is not an illegitimate subject, and Hiroshima might be a useful point with which to begin the debate. But that isn't possible until after we consider the origins of Hiroshima, which can be found in the evolution of modern warfare.

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Don’t Drop the Atomic Bomb

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American Military Leaders Urged President Truman

The Greanville Post

The Joint Chiefs of Staff never formally studied the decision and never made an official recommendation to the President. Brief informal discussions may have occurred, but no record even of these exists. There is no record whatsoever of the usual extensive staff work and evaluation of alternative options by the Joint Chiefs, nor did the Chiefs ever claim to be involved. (See p. 322, Chapter 26)

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India-Pakistan: Courting Yet More Nuclear Danger?

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By Praful Bidwai - Kashmir Times

India is driving a furious nuclear and missiles arms race in one of the world's most volatile and poorest regions, marked by a continuous hot-cold war since 1947. A reactive Pakistan is building up its arsenal (estimated to be bigger than India's) and also developing "tactical" (battlefield) weapons, adding to regional insecurity and instability. India's nuclear weapons are directed not just at Pakistan, but at much more economically- militarily powerful China. This second arms race could prove ruinous.

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How the Bomb Has Kept the Peace Between India and Pakistan

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By Amalendu Misra - The Conversation

Years ago I developed a friendship of sorts with a former Indian foreign secretary. Over a meal in a country pub I asked him the ultimate question: “How many nuclear bombs does India really have?” He smiled an enigmatic smile and gave an equally enigmatic answer. “I don’t know. Nobody knows. Maybe none.” This was before the Pokhran II nuclear explosions in 1998.

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India’s Nuclear Program Was Aimed at China, not Pakistan

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By Danish Amjad Alvi - The Express Tribune (Pakistan)

August 6, 1945 started as a normal Monday morning in the bustling city of Hiroshima, with people going about their daily activities as per usual. Just as the clock struck quarter past eight, all activity was brought to an abrupt end at the behest of the Enola Gay. A giant mushroom cloud dwarfed the city of Hiroshima, and swept it clean of life with an immense shock of energy.

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Shimla Agreement: Victory In War And Defeat In Diplomacy

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By Abdul Majid Zargar

Noted columnist Zahid G. Mohammad has written an incisive article on Shimla agreement reached between India & Pakistan in July 1972 after the latter’s defeat & dismemberment in 1971 war with India. It was published in a local English daily on 6th July 2015 and disseminates much of the information surrounding this international agreement. However, there is still some information on this agreement which is not widely known. My endeavor in this article would be to put this least known information in the wider public domain for a better understanding & analysis of the issue.

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Israel: The Case Against Attacking Iran

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By George Friedman
Founder of Stratfor

On Aug. 21, Israeli Channel 2 Television aired a recording of Ehud Barak, Israel's former defense minister and former prime minister, saying that on three separate occasions, Israel had planned to attack Iran's nuclear facilities but canceled the attacks. According to Barak, in 2010 Israel's chief of staff at the time, Gabi Ashkenazi, refused to approve an attack plan. Israeli Cabinet members Moshe Yaalon and Yuval Steinitz backed out of another plan, and in 2012 an attack was canceled because it coincided with planned U.S.-Israeli military exercises and a visit from then-U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta.

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China's Crisis: The Price of Change

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By Rodger Baker – Stratfor

Early August was an eventful one for China. First, the People's Bank of China shocked the financial world when it cut the yuan's reference rate against the U.S. dollar by nearly 2 percent, leading to a greater than 2 percent drop in the value of the yuan in offshore trading. The decline triggered a frenzy of speculation, including some expectations that the Chinese move would trigger a race to the bottom for Asian currencies. Beijing said the adjustment was designed to fix distortions between the trading rate of the yuan and the rate it should have been at according to speculation, and that subsequent large shifts were unlikely. The International Monetary Fund, however, noted that the move could lead to a freer floating yuan — something the IMF has asked of Beijing before the organization considers including the yuan in its Special Drawing Rights basket of currencies. In comments made on the sidelines of its annual report on the Chinese economy, released later in the week, the IMF also noted that the yuan was not undervalued, despite the decline.

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